Preventing Obesity by Design

POD

Preventing Obesity by Design (POD), was launched in 2007 with support from the Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation (BCBSNC), to revolutionize the way we think about the design and management of early childhood outdoor learning environments (OLEs) – the term that replaced “playground” in North Carolina licensing rules in 2007. POD is an action-research health promotion strategy, activated through built environment/naturalization interventions. Grounded in North Carolina childcare/development centers, POD has gone through several iterations and has been adopted at the state level by Texas, South Carolina, and Colorado. Nebraska is also making progress.

The aim of POD is to create comfortable OLEs with diverse activity settings that irresistibly “pull” children and teachers outside to enjoy higher levels of physical play activity, hands-on gardening, and outdoor learning. POD is a “one health” model focused simultaneously on human health promotion and ecological restoration. The approach contributes to strategic system change through the improvement of OLE quality as a professional training vehicle, with primary intended outcomes of change in behavior combined with bio-restoration, so teachers and children learn together how life can be restored to the earth.

“These gardening activities remind me of my childhood. Activities like canning are becoming a lost art and it is important to pass them onto future generations… if they grow up and can’t buy food, they will at least have the skills to plant a seed.”

A Center Director - POD Wake County

The POD action-research orientation addresses the need for applied research conducted on the installed environment to observe the behavioral response. The aim is to create an evidence base related to the local context so that future developments can be informed, as elegantly illustrated by Zeisel (2006, 25-32, 95-97). Action research also recognizes the difficulty of matching timelines of project implementation and research support, which ideally would include an expanded sample and control sites, with research conducted by a third party. Bricks-and-mortar (or landscape) funding rarely supports research at this level and vice-versa: research funding usually does not support implementation. However, carefully managed project evaluation can yield sufficient data to compare the impact of pre-post site renovations (Cosco, Moore and Smith 2014). Results provide evidence-based/informed tools for decision-makers to use to embark on built environment interventions to improve OLE quality to support child health.

Naturalization is an important goal because the vast majority of childcare/development centers (approximately 114,000 in the U.S) are “micro-sites” where natural ecosystems must be restored, designed, and managed in such a way that allows use by dozens of children and as well as bio-recovery. Naturalization offers children opportunities to engage with the natural world of plants and animals through self-motivated free play and learning experiences (informal and teacher-directed).

The POD approach offers naturalization as a cost-effective means of improving OLE environmental quality. The preschool outdoors is already a strong determinant of children’s physical activity. Naturalization adds value by supporting play with nature, improving microclimatic comfort for children and teachers, and motivating extended time outdoors to achieve higher levels of physical activity. “Edible landscape” is a complementary health promotion component consisting of permanent, fruiting species integrated into the OLE, along with designated vegetable gardens.

Measuring OLE quality is a critical part of the POD process. Research demonstrates that a compact mix of diverse natural and manufactured settings, containing a multitude of natural loose parts offers the richest play and learning experiences that carry over with new discoveries each day. Play sparks the learning process for the child, through which the world is discovered and assimilated via the senses, laying the groundwork for cognitive understanding in later stages of development. NLI has created a suite of tools to measure POD quality, including the valid, reliable Preschool Outdoor Assessment Measurement Scale (POEMS), behavior mapping, and the Childcare Outdoor Learning Environments Quality Tool (COLEQT), which measures four level of quality across 12 built environment activity settings considered as strong supports of healthy child development.

For further information: Moore & Cosco (2014). Growing Up Green: Naturalization as a Health Promotion Strategy in Early Childhood Outdoor Learning Environments. Children, Youth and Environments 24(2):168-191.

POD Projects

Halifax Community College: CADA Head Start

Halifax Community College: CADA Head Start

Blue Ridge Community College: Nessa’s Young’uns Natural Play Center

Blue Ridge Community College: Nessa’s Young’uns Natural Play Center

Fayetteville Technical Community College: Children’s Center

Fayetteville Technical Community College: Children’s Center

Cape Fear Community College: Bonnie Sanders Burney CDC

Cape Fear Community College: Bonnie Sanders Burney CDC

Johnston Community College: Child Development Center

Johnston Community College: Child Development Center

Davidson Community College: Kirk Child Development Center

Davidson Community College: Kirk Child Development Center

Alamance Community College: Demonstration Development Daycare

Alamance Community College: Demonstration Development Daycare

ABC Land, Inc.

ABC Land, Inc.

A Kind Garden

A Kind Garden

A Safe Place Child Enrichment Center, Inc.

A Safe Place Child Enrichment Center, Inc.

Beginning and Beyond Child Development Center

Beginning and Beyond Child Development Center

Childcare Network #59

Childcare Network #59

Childcare Network #61

Childcare Network #61

Heather Park Child Development Center

Heather Park Child Development Center

Holly Springs Academy

Holly Springs Academy

Jordan Child and Family Enrichment Center

Jordan Child and Family Enrichment Center

Johnson Pond Learning Center

Johnson Pond Learning Center

KinderCare Learning Center

KinderCare Learning Center

Method Child Development Center

Method Child Development Center

Primary Beginnings Child Development Center #1

Primary Beginnings Child Development Center #1

Pam’s School of Raleigh

Pam’s School of Raleigh

Raleigh Nursery School

Raleigh Nursery School

Wanda’s Little Hands

Wanda’s Little Hands

Thompson Child Development Center

Thompson Child Development Center

Shepherd’s Way Day School

Shepherd’s Way Day School

Sandhills Children’s Center

Sandhills Children’s Center

First Environments Early Learning Center

First Environments Early Learning Center

Care-O-World Enrichment Center

Care-O-World Enrichment Center

Sandy Plains UMC Childcare Center

Sandy Plains UMC Childcare Center

Noah’s Ark Learning Center

Noah’s Ark Learning Center

Shepherd’s Way Day School

Shepherd’s Way Day School

Precious Memories Preschool

Precious Memories Preschool

Kids R Us

Kids R Us

Children’s Learning Center

Children’s Learning Center

Chapel Hill Day Care Center

Chapel Hill Day Care Center

Community School for People Under Six

Community School for People Under Six

Roan View Child Development Center

Roan View Child Development Center

Intermountain Children’s Place

Intermountain Children’s Place

Genesis Academy and Pre-School

Genesis Academy and Pre-School

The Learning Garden Child Development Center

The Learning Garden Child Development Center

The Jewish Preschool of Sardis

The Jewish Preschool of Sardis

Building Blocks Learning Center

Building Blocks Learning Center

Triplett UMC Child Development Center

Triplett UMC Child Development Center

Kiddie Kollege

Kiddie Kollege

Future Generation Child Development Center

Future Generation Child Development Center

Quality Child Care

Quality Child Care

Friends Playhouse Child Care Center

Friends Playhouse Child Care Center

A Child’s World

A Child’s World

Munchkin Academy

Munchkin Academy

Heron Pond Montessori School

Heron Pond Montessori School

YWCA of Asheville

YWCA of Asheville

Irene Wortham Community Child Center

Irene Wortham Community Child Center

First Baptist Child Development Center

First Baptist Child Development Center

Tiny Tots Childcare

Tiny Tots Childcare

SPEC Nine Inc.

SPEC Nine Inc.

Earth Angels

Earth Angels