Ball Play and Experiences

Physical development using balls includes physical well-being, use of the body, muscle control, and motor development. These physical tasks and skills are foundational to young children’s learning. Motor skills permit children to fully explore and function in their environment, and support development in all other domains.


Designated Play Area (near the fence)


Retrieving Balls

Curricular Areas:

  • Physical Development: Large and Fine Motor Development (retrieving, throwing, and rolling loose parts)
  • Problem-Solving
  • Language Development: Receptive and Expressive Language
  • Cognitive Development: Colors
  • Mathematics Knowledge and Skills: counting, matching, sorting, comparing, serialization, one-to-one correspondence.


  1. Fill wire cylinder with balls.
  2. Model for children how to open the latch and door allowing a ball to roll out onto the ground and closing door after each ball rolls out.
  3. Increase children’s language and cognitive development by sharing attributes of the ball that rolls out (color and size), and using action words (such as roll, catch, throw, toss, fast, slow, etc.)
  4. Enhance children’s problem-solving skills by modeling how to retrieve ball from the cylinder (opening the latch and door, catching the ball as it rolls out, and closing the door and latch to prevent other balls from rolling out.
  5. Increase children’s math skills by modeling counting, matching, sorting, serializing, and one-to-one correspondence.
  6. Introduce cooperative play by modeling for children how throw or roll a ball to each other.
  7. Return ball to cylinder once child has completed his play so that children can continue to experience retrieving the ball through the latched door.
  8. Take photos of children’s ball experiences and post indoors.
  9. Provide opportunities for children to recall their ball experience (color, size, number, etc.) once they return to indoor classroom.

Engaging Parents:


  1. Allow children to “borrow” photos to take home overnight and share their experiences with parents.
  2. Encourage parents to purchase inexpensive balls for home use, sharing with them the how children’s growth and learning in the curricular and developmental areas above.
  3. Encourage parent to take photos of children experiencing ball play at home and send to classroom for children to share their experiences with teacher and other children.

Materials & Tools

  • 2 ft. diameter wire cylinder for ball storage. Attach to adjacent fence about 5′ high. At the bottom of the cylinder, create an open and close latched door at ground level large enough for largest ball to roll through.
  • At least a dozen balls of different sizes and colors